Postpartum Exercise: Getting Back in Shape Safely

By Nikitha Patel|4 - 5 mins read| July 10, 2024

Medically reviewed by: Dr. Anukriti Singh

After giving birth, many new mothers look forward to regaining their pre-pregnancy fitness levels. However, the postpartum period requires a careful and gradual approach to exercise to ensure safety and effectiveness. This article provides a comprehensive guide on getting back in shape safely after childbirth, including the benefits of postpartum exercise, when to start, types of exercises, and essential tips for new mothers.

The postpartum period, or the fourth trimester, is a time of significant physical and emotional adjustment for new mothers. While many are eager to resume physical activity, it’s crucial to approach postpartum exercise with caution to promote healing and prevent injury. This guide aims to help new mothers safely transition back into an exercise routine, highlighting the importance of listening to their bodies and progressing gradually.

Benefits of Postpartum Exercise

Engaging in regular exercise after childbirth offers numerous benefits, including:

  • Improved Mood: Exercise releases endorphins, which can help alleviate postpartum depression and anxiety.
  • Increased Energy: Physical activity boosts energy levels, which is particularly beneficial for new mothers dealing with sleep deprivation.
  • Enhanced Recovery: Exercise promotes circulation and muscle tone, aiding the body in recovering from pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Weight Management: Regular exercise helps with gradual weight loss and maintaining a healthy weight.
  • Stronger Muscles and Bones: Weight-bearing and strength exercises improve muscle tone and bone density.
  • Better Sleep: Physical activity can improve sleep quality, which is often disrupted during the postpartum period.

When to Start Exercising Postpartum

The appropriate time to start exercising postpartum varies for each individual and depends on the type of delivery and overall health:

  • Vaginal Delivery: Generally, women can begin gentle exercises, such as walking and pelvic floor exercises, a few days to weeks after a vaginal delivery. However, it’s essential to get clearance from a healthcare provider.
  • Cesarean Delivery: Recovery from a C-section typically takes longer. Women should wait at least 6-8 weeks and consult their healthcare provider before starting any exercise routine.

NOTE: Intense exercise or workout routines need clearance from a doctor for both vaginal and cesarean

Types of Postpartum Exercises

Pelvic Floor Exercises

Strengthening the pelvic floor is crucial after childbirth to support bladder control and core stability. Kegel exercises are the most common type of pelvic floor exercise:

  • How to Perform Kegels: Contract the muscles used to stop the flow of urine, hold for a few seconds, and then release. Repeat this process several times a day.

Core Strengthening

Pregnancy can weaken the core muscles, so it’s important to focus on rebuilding strength:

  • Pelvic Tilts: Lie on your back with knees bent and feet flat on the floor. Tighten your abdominal muscles and tilt your pelvis upward, then release.
  • Modified Planks: Start on your hands and knees, then extend one leg at a time behind you, keeping your body in a straight line.

Cardiovascular Exercises

Cardio exercises help improve heart health and burn calories. Start with low-impact activities:

  • Walking: Begin with short, gentle walks and gradually increase the duration and intensity.
  • Swimming: Swimming and water aerobics are gentle on the joints and provide a full-body workout.

Strength Training

Incorporate light strength training to rebuild muscle strength:

  • Bodyweight Exercises: Squats, lunges, and modified push-ups can help build strength without the need for equipment.
  • Resistance Bands: Use resistance bands for added resistance in exercises like bicep curls and shoulder presses.

Tips for Safe Postpartum Exercise

  1. Get Medical Clearance: Always consult your healthcare provider before starting any postpartum exercise program.
  2. Listen to Your Body: Pay attention to how your body feels during and after exercise. If you experience pain, dizziness, or excessive fatigue, stop and rest.
  3. Start Slowly: Begin with gentle exercises and gradually increase intensity and duration as your strength and endurance improve.
  4. Stay Hydrated: Drink plenty of water before, during, and after exercise to stay hydrated.
  5. Wear Supportive Gear: Invest in a good quality sports bra and comfortable workout clothes to support your body during exercise.
  6. Include Warm-Up and Cool-Down: Always start with a warm-up to prepare your muscles and end with a cool-down to promote recovery.
  7. Focus on Nutrition: Ensure you’re eating a balanced diet to fuel your body and support recovery and breastfeeding if applicable.
  8. Join a Postpartum Exercise Group: Consider joining a postpartum exercise class or group for motivation and support from other new mothers.


Getting back in shape after childbirth is a journey that requires patience, dedication, and careful attention to your body’s needs. By starting slowly and focusing on exercises that promote healing and strength, new mothers can safely regain their fitness levels and enjoy the many benefits of regular physical activity. Remember to consult with your healthcare provider before beginning any new exercise routine and to listen to your body every step of the way. With the right approach, postpartum exercise can be a rewarding and empowering experience that enhances your physical and emotional well-being.

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About The Author:

Nikitha Patel

Medically reviewed by:

Dr. Anukriti Singh

Last Updated: Wed Jul 10 2024

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